tert-Butyl2,7-diazaspiro[3.5]nonane-7-carboxylate hydrochloride (1023301-84-9)

(2 Customer hōʻike manaʻo)

Ke noho nei kēia huahana ma kahi palapala pāʻani APICMO.

Ka hiki ke hana, synthesi a hana i nā mea nui o ka tert-Butyl2,7-diazaspiro [3.5] nonane-7-carboxylate hydrochloride (1023301-84-9) me ka pūnaewele mana maikaʻi ma lalo o ka CGMPʻoihana
nā kauā.

SKU: 1023301-84-9 Māhele:

Description

Tert-Butyl2,7-diazaspiro [3.5] nonane-7-carboxylate hydrochloride (1023301-84-9) wikiwiki

ʻO Tert-Butyl2,7-diazaspiro [3.5] nonane-7-carboxylate hydrochloride, kona meaʻono,ʻo ka ester, solvate o ia mea, he kūpono ia i ka mālamaʻana i nā maʻi i hanaʻia ai kahi pilikino a lipid kinase (e like me kaʻohana PIM family, e like me Pono ka PIM-1, ka PIM-2 a me / a iʻole ka PIM-3), aʻo ka mea paha i makemakeʻia, a ma kahi o ka maʻiʻana i ka maʻi āpau a iʻole ka maʻi hoʻonui.

Ke hoʻohanaʻia kona mau hua'ōlelo he non-2,7-diazaspiro (3.5) nonane-7-carboxylate hydrochloride, tert-butyl-2,7-diazaspiro [3,5] nonane-7-carboxylate hydrochloride, tert-butyl 2,7-diazaspiro [3.5] nonan-7- Carboxylate hydrochloride, tert-butyl 2,7-diazaspiro [3.5] nonane-7-carboxylate, 2,7-diaza-spiro [3.5] nonane-7-carboxylic acid tert-butyl ester hydrochloride.

Ke noho nei kēia huahana ma kahi palapala pāʻani APICMO. Ināʻikeʻoe i kēiaʻaoʻao ma keʻano he mea hoʻohanaʻoleʻia,ʻo ke kumukūʻai i hōʻikeʻia he List Price. No kaʻikeʻana i kāu kumukūʻai, e hoʻopaʻa i ka hoʻohanaʻana i kāu helu helu, aiʻole e liloʻoe i mea hoʻohana inoaʻia e ke kākoʻoʻana i kahi o kā mākou hui lawelawe. No ka hoʻonohonohoʻana i kahi kauoha, e hoʻopili i kahi lawelawe o ka APICMO.

Tert-Butyl2,7-diazaspiro [3.5] nonane-7-carboxylate hydrochloride (1023301-84-9) Hōʻike

CAS 1023301-84-9
Ke kaʻina CAS% 97.0
Kālena CAS Max% 98.0
MDL Number ʻO MFCD13185086
InChI Key HVLQURGQQISYSQ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Ka inoa inoa inoa Tert-Butyl 2,7-diazaspiro [3.5] nonane-7-carboxylate hydrochloride
Pāʻani infrared N / A
ʻO ke Kino 'Oiʻo-keʻokeʻo i ka lepa lūlū
'ōpala ʻO ka'ōmole Glass
Ka Lā Molecular C12H23ClN2O2
Molecular Weight (g / mol) 261.76828
SMILES Cl.O = C (OC (C) (C) C) N2 (CCC1 (CNC1) (CC2))
kala like 'ole beige
Point Hoʻolālā 50.1 - 158 ° C
ʻAna ≧ 98%

ka Tert-Butyl2,7-diazaspiro [3.5] nonane-7-carboxylate hydrochloride (1023301-84-9) Ka palekana a me ka lawelaweʻana

Tert-Butyl2,7-diazaspiro [3.5] nonane-7-carboxylate hydrochloride Hōʻikeʻikepili:ʻO nā'āpana'ōpala APICMO

w Hoʻopaʻiʻia ka hopena paʻakikī

w He kaumaha nui ka maka

1023301-84-9'ōlelo kūkala:

w E hōʻoki i ka lepo / fume / gas / mist / vapors / pālolo.

w Wear pale pale a me ka pale maka / maka.

I KA IE EESE: E kiola me ka wai no nā minuke. Wehe i nā leka hulina, inā he mau a hiki ke maʻalahi. E hoʻomau i ka holoi.

iā WI INHALED: E hoʻoneʻe i ka ea anuanu a hoʻomaha i ka wahi kūpono no ka hanuʻana.

w Wili hoʻopaʻa.

w Aia nā mea / ipu e like me ka kaiaulu / ka'āpana / aupuni /

nā kaʻina kānāwai o nā aupuni.

'Ōlelo Aʻo: Ua hoʻokumuʻia kaʻike i hoʻolakoʻia ma kēia pūnaewele e like me nā kānāwai o ka Europa (EU) a ua kūpono i ka maikaʻi o ko mākouʻike, kaʻike a me ka manaʻo i ka lā o kona hoʻolahaʻana. ʻO kaʻike i hāʻawiʻia i kūkuluʻia wale nōʻo ia ke alakaʻi no ka mālama pono a hoʻohanaʻana. ʻAʻole pono e noʻonoʻoʻia e like me ke kikowaena a iʻole ke kiko kiko'ī.

Articles

KA PIPERIDINE MAU LOA

ʻO ka hui pūpū Piperidine ka paʻakai maikaʻi a me nā solvates i loko o ka lāʻau lapaʻau, he kūpono loa ia no ka mālamaʻana i ka maʻi kanesa.

WO2016 / 40515, 2016

Tert-Butyl2,7-diazaspiro [3.5] nonane-7-carboxylate hydrochloride (1023301-84-9) Keʻena Hana Hana Hana:

Loaʻa kaʻike o kā mākou pūʻuluʻepekema ma nā wahi noiʻi a pau e pili ana i Life Science, Material Science, Synthesis Chemical, Chromatography, Analytical a me nā mea'ē aʻe.

Tert-Butyl2,7-diazaspiro [3.5] nonane-7-carboxylate hydrochloride (1023301-84-9) Kūpena Paipai & Pricing:

Loaʻa i nā mea nui no kāu kūkuluʻana, hana hana a noiʻi noiʻi paha?


=

2 hōʻike manaʻo no ka mea, tert-Butyl2,7-diazaspiro[3.5]nonane-7-carboxylate hydrochloride (1023301-84-9)

  1. APICMO -

    Ke huli neiʻoe i kahi e kūʻai ai i ka nui o tert-Butyl 2,7-diazaspiro [3.5] nonane-7-carboxylate hydrochloride (1023301-84-9)? ʻAʻole ponoʻoe e hopohopo no ka mea ua loaʻa iā mākou kaʻike a me kaʻike nui ma ka synthesizing a me ka hanaʻana i nā hua nui o ka huahana. Hoʻopukaʻia kā mākou mau huahana ma lalo o nā'ōlelo o nā kaulike o ka CGMP.

    Nert-Butyl 2,7-diazaspiro [3.5] nonane-7-carboxylate hydrochloride mea kiko'ī

    ʻO ka Tert-Butyl 2,7-diazaspiro [3.5] nonane-7-carboxylate hydrochloride he ester accepting, solvate, ka paʻakai e pono ai i ka mālamaʻana i nā maʻi e pono ai ka hanaʻoleʻana i ka lipid kinase a iʻole kekahi kinetona (e like me ke kinase o kaʻohana PIM e like me PIM-3, PIM-2or PIM-1) e hoʻohui nui i ka mālamaʻana i ka maʻi nui a iʻole ke kanakē.

    Aia kēia huahana i loko o ka māhele o ka pūnaewele kāpili.

    ʻO keʻano'ōpili o Tert-Butyl 2,7-diazaspiro [3.5] nonane-7-carboxylate hydrochloride

    tert-Butyl2,7-diazaspiro[3.5]nonane-7-carboxylate hydrochloride (1023301-84-9)

    Loaʻa i kahi huahana kahi ala kuhikuhi:

    Ke alanui Kūʻai no ka Tert-Butyl 2,7-diazaspiro [3.5] nonane-7-carboxylate hydrochloride

    tert-Butyl2,7-diazaspiro[3.5]nonane-7-carboxylate hydrochloride (1023301-84-9)

    929302-00-1
    hoʻohāpikōlani 4-cya ...

    6-Chloro-5-azaindole

    tert-Butyl2,7-diazaspiro[3.5]nonane-7-carboxylate hydrochloride (1023301-84-9)1023301-84-9
    Hawaiian Term-butyl 2,7-d ..

    ʻO ka tert-Butyl 2,7-diazaspiro [3.5] nonane-7-carboxylate hydrochloride (1023301-84-9) kahi huahana mua loa:

    929302-00-1

    tert-Butyl2,7-diazaspiro[3.5]nonane-7-carboxylate hydrochloride (1023301-84-9)

    Nert-butyl 2,7-diazaspiro [3.5] nonane-7-carboxylate; kahi kahawai wai Hua'ōlelo huahana:

    Product Name Tert-Butyl 2,7-diazaspiro [3.5] nonane-7-carboxylate hydrochloride
    Inoa IUPAC ka Tert-butyl 2,7-diazaspiro [3.5] nonane-7-carboxylate; ka waiwaiwai
    ʻAna ≧ 98%
    Point Hoʻolālā 50.1 - 158 ° C
    Kupa Cl.O = C (OC (C) (C) C) N2 (CCC1 (CNC1) (CC2))
    Ka Lā Molecular C12H22N2O2
    Inchi InChI=1S/C12H22N2O2/c1-11(2,3)16-10(15)14-6-4-12(5-7-14)8-13-9-12/h13H,4-9H2,1-3H3
    Kaomi Inchi HVLQURGQQISYSQ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
    Kahe Max 98.0%
    Kekahi Min 97.0%
    Kāleka CAS 1023301-84-9
    'O Synonyms X8607
    TR-033844
    Tert-Butyl2,7-diazaspiro [3.5] nonane-7carboxylatehydrochloride
    ka Tert-Butyl 2,7-diazaspiro [3.5] nonane-7-carboxylate-hydrogen chloride (1 / 1)
    Tert-Butyl 2,7-diazaspiro [3.5] nonane-7-carboxylate, HCl
    1. Tert-Butyl 2,7-diazaspiro [3.5] nonane-7-carboxylate hydrochloride
    2. TERT-BUTYL 2,7-DIAZASPIRO [3.5] NONANE-7-CARBOXYLATE HCL
    ka Tert-butyl 2,7-Diazaspiro (3,5) nonane-7-carboxylate HCl
    ST1070438
    3. ʻO SCHEMBL994266
    S-7188
    RP29353
    OR317165
    4. MolPort-019-918-671
    KS-0000031N
    KB-67768
    ʻO J-524427
    I14-7445
    5. HVLQURGQQISYSQ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
    GS-4200
    FT-0657364
    6. DTXSID10670470
    7. CTK4A0927
    ʻO CS-D0628
    CB-3761
    BR-24004
    AX8159775
    ANW-50261
    AKOS015844702
    AK-24004
    AB0034450
    A800561
    7-N-Boc-2,7-diazaspiro [3.5] ka waihā waiʻole
    7-Boc-2,7-diaza-spiro3.5nonane
    8. 7-Boc-2,7-diaza-spiro [3.5] ka waihā waiʻole
    7-Boc-2,7-diazaspiro [3.5] HClʻole
    7- (tert-butoxycarbonyl) -7-aza-2-azoniaspiro [3.5] nono chloride
    4CH-008457
    2,7-Diazaspiro [3.5] nonane-7-carboxylic acid, 1,1-dimethylethyl ester, hydrochloride
    2,7-Diazaspiro [3.5] nonane-7-carboxylic acid, 1,1-dimethylethyl ester, hydrochloride (1: 1)
    9. 2,7-diazaspiro [3.5] nonane-7-carboxylic acid tert-butyl ester hydrochloride
    2,7-diaza-spiro [3.5] nonane-7-carboxylic acid tert-butyl ester hydrochloride
    1023301-84-9

    Nā kino a me nā kinikino o Tert-Butyl 2,7-diazaspiro [3.5] nonane-7-carboxylate hydrochloride

    Hoʻohui

    Kahi paʻa wai Nā helu koho DonX -2
    Laweʻia nā helu -3 helu
    Ka loulou paʻa 2 naehana
    Kohu 2 naehana

    Keʻano

    ʻO Tert-Butyl 2,7-diazaspiro [3.5] nonane-7-carboxylate hydrochlorideappears e like me ka pauka'ōmaʻomaʻo.

    Nert-Butyl 2,7-diazaspiro [3.5] nonane-7-carboxylate hydrochloride waiwai i heluʻia.

    Kahi inoa Value
    Kālepa CACTVS Pūnaewele Pālua AAADCEBZMAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAABYAAAA
    AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAHGAQAAAADKTB
    GAQCCAPABAAIAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAIAIA
    AAAAAIAGAAMAAAABGCAAAAQAAALAAAAA
    AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA ==
    Ka nui 269
    Helu o Heamaha Atom 17
    Helu o Isotopeatom 0
    ʻIke kūpono 226.168 g / mole.
    Kāleka Kūikawā 0
    Hoʻoponoponoʻia ka Pūnaewele ʻAe
    Molecular Weight 262.145 g / mole.
    Monoisotopicmass 262.145 g / mole.
    Ka helu Stereocenter o ka Bond Bana 0
    Helu helu Stereocenter o'Anomaka i hoʻopauʻoleʻia 0
    Helu helu Stereocenter o'Anomaka i hoʻopauʻoleʻia 0
    Ka helu Streocenter o ka Bond Bond 0
    ʻO ke āpau o ka Polar Topology 41.6 A '2

    Nā hoʻohana o ka Tert-butyl 2,7-diazaspiro [3.5] nonane-7-carboxylate; ka waiwaiwai

    Nert-butyl 2,7-diazaspiro [3.5] nonane-7-carboxylate hydrochloride he mea pono ke mālamaʻana i nā maʻi ākea a iʻole ke kanulau

    ʻO ka palekana palekana Tert-Butyl2,7-diazaspiro[3.5]nonane-7-carboxylate hydrochloride (1023301-84-9)

    ʻO nā'āpana'ōpala APICMO

    ʻO ka Tert-butyl 2,7-diazaspiro [3.5] nonane-7-carboxylatehydrochloride e hiki ai ke hoʻopiliʻia i nā hopena maikaʻi i kou olakino inā kūponoʻoleʻia. No laila, ponoʻoe e mālama me ka mālama a hahai i nā'ōlelo pale a pau e loaʻa ana.

    Nā pilikia e pili ana i ka 2,7-diazaspiro (3.5) tert-butyl nonane-7-carboxylatehydrochloride:

    • ʻO ka pūpū ka maʻi i kaʻili a hiki ke hoʻonāukiuki.
    • Ness-butyl 2,7-diazaspiro [3.5] nonane-7-carboxylate hydrochloride he maka maka.
    • ʻAʻole pono e'ānaiʻia ka huahana no ka mea he meaʻawaʻawa.
    • ʻO ka Tert-butyl 2,7-diazaspiro [3.5] nonane-7-carboxylate hydrochloride ka mea iʻoi ai ka hanu hau

    Nā hana kūkala

    No ka mālamaʻole i kāu olakino i nā pōʻino pili i kēia huahana, e hahai i nā palekana palekana no ka pale pilikino i ka lawelaweʻana i ka huahana.

    Nā lako pale pale:

    E uhi mau i kouʻili me nā pale pale.

    E pale i kou lima lima ma o ka hoʻohanaʻana i nā mīkina lima iʻikeʻia.

    Nā mea hana no ka maka a me ka pale pale

    Lawe mākou i nā pale pale pale kūlana:

    E mālama iāʻoe i pale pale e uhi i kou mau maka.

    Nā hana hana hoʻopiʻi kaola:

    Ma lalo o nā kūlana maʻamau, pilikiaʻole ka mālamaʻana i ka hanuʻana. Eia naʻe, hōʻole i ka hoʻomohuʻana i ka kino, ka lepo, ka mahu, ka noe, ka'ōpala a me nā puawa mai ka pūpū.

    1. Nā hana hana

    Pono e hoʻopiliʻia ka huahana ma waho a ma kahi hoʻolālā maikaʻi.

    2. ʻO nā mea kōkua mua

    I nā pilikia kūikawā e puka ana i ka wā e lawelawe ana iā Tert-butyl 2,7-diazaspiro [3.5] nonane-7-carboxylatehydrochloride, e alakaʻi i nā mea kōkua mua ma mua o ka huliʻana i kaʻike.

    Inhalation

    Inā hoʻomohana kahi i loko o ka huahana, e hoʻokuʻu iā lākou i kahi e hiki ai i ka ea ea. E hoʻomaha i ka mea hoʻomana i kahi e hiki ai iā lākou ke hoʻomaha a hoʻomaha mālie.

    ʻAina

    Inā loaʻa, holoi i ka waha me ka wai maʻamau maʻamau. Eʻimi i ka'ōlelo aʻo mai ka lāʻau lapaʻau ke hōʻoia ka hōʻailona.

    Ka hulina pilikino

    E hoʻoneʻeneʻa i nā meaʻala mai kaʻili o kaʻili. E hoʻokahe i kahi wahi iʻeha i piha me ka wai holo a me ka'opaʻopa māmā no nā mau minuke 15. Eʻimi i ka'ōlelo aʻo mai ka lāʻau lapaʻau inā lōʻihi ka lōʻihi.

    Tert-butyl 2,7-diazaspiro [3.5] nonane-7-carboxylate hydrochloride mau mea kaulike.

    Ke hoʻohanaʻia

    Ke hanaʻoe me ka tert-butyl 2,7-diazaspiro [3.5] nonane-7-carboxylatehydrochloride i nā manawa a pau e mālama i kēia mau mea:

    • E pale i kou kino holoʻokoʻa me kaʻili, ka maka, nā lima, nā wāwae, a me nā maka me nā pale pale a pale i ke komoʻana me ka huahana:
    • Mai hoʻohana i ka huahana a hiki i kou heluhelu a hoʻomaopopo i nā kuhikuhi.
    • E hōʻalo i ke kūkuluʻana i ka lepo a me ka meaʻai i ka wā e lawe ai i kēia huahana.
    • E hōʻoiaʻiʻo i ka lumi e hoʻolālā aiʻoe i kahi maikaʻi.
    • E hana i loko o kahi lumi kinikino.
    • Mai hana pū me kēia huahana i ka wā o ka hāpaiʻana.
    • Maiʻai, inu a puhikaukau paha i ka lawelaweʻana i ka huahana.
    • Mai hoʻokuʻu i ka huahana i loko o ke kaiapuni.

    Ma hope o ka hoʻohana

    Ma hope o ka hoʻohanaʻana i ka huahana no ke alakaʻiʻana i kāu kelepona huahana, noiʻi a hoʻoponopono paha, e noʻonoʻo i nā mea i lalo:

    • Wehe i nā lole a me nā mea i holoiʻia ma mua o ka hana houʻana.
    • Wehe i nā mīkina lima me ka nānāʻole i kaʻaoʻao i hoʻopōʻinoʻia.
    • Palepa a hoʻomaʻemaʻe i ka papa hana.
    • E holoi i nā lima a me ka helehelena me ka nui o ka wai anuanu.
    • Hoʻokaʻawaleʻia nā'ōpena, nā palapalapa a me nā pahu hakahaka, e like me nā koi e hoʻonele ai i ka pono o ke aupuni pekelala a me nā kānāwai āpau.
    • Nert-butyl 2,7-diazaspiro [3.5] nonane-7-carboxylate hydrochloride mea mālama.
    • E kūʻai i ka huahana i loko o kahi pahu momona.
    • Mai hōʻike i ka huahana no ka kuhikuhiʻana i ka lā a me ka wela.
    • E hoʻomau i ka huahana ma kahi wahi maikaʻi.
    • E mālama i nā mahana haʻahaʻa, kūpono ma waena o 2 a me 8 ° C

    1. Ke kūpaʻa a me ka hoʻouka

    Nert-butyl 2,7-diazaspiro [3.5] nonane-7-carboxylate hydrochlorideʻaʻole kūpono me nā mea hana ikaika.

    Kūpaʻa ka huahana i nāʻano maʻamau.

    2. Nā hōʻailona pili

    Ināʻoi aku ka huahana, nā huahanaʻelua a me ka hui pūʻana o ka huahana me nā huahana'ē aʻe i kahi pōʻino, eʻoki pono i nā pūpū e palekana i ka hanaʻana i ka lepo. E hoʻokuʻu a hoʻokuʻu i ka'ōpala, e hoʻoulu i ka palaho ma loko o nā pahu hoʻolālā a hoʻomākaukau e hoʻolimalima. E hoʻopili pono i nā pahu lawe.

    3. Nā mana ahi

    Ināʻae ke kumuhana 2,7-diazaspiro [3.5] nonane-7-carboxylatehydrochloride aiʻole kona mau huahanaʻelua i ke ahi, hoʻopau i ke ahi me ka wai, ka carbon dioxide a me ka lepo maloʻo. ʻOiai e hakakā ana i ke ahi, e uhi i nā lole palekana a me nā mea hoʻomaha hoʻomaha. Mai hoʻohana i ka mīkini piha i ka hoʻohanaʻana i ka wai e hakakā ai i ke ahi. Ponoʻoe e hoʻomau i ke ahi i ke ahi inā pili i kahi pāhana. Eia nā'umeʻaʻinoʻino i hanaʻia e ka tert-butyl 2,7-diazaspiro [3.5] nonane-7-carboxylatehydrochloride i ka manawa e puhiʻia ai:

    • ʻO ka'ōpona kalapona
    • ʻO ka monoxide kalapona
    • Nitrogen kaula
    • Hoʻohuheʻe wai'enewai
    • Phosgene

    4.We mana nā mana hoʻonā

    E wehe i nā huahana hopena a pau no ka hoʻohanaʻana i ka Tert-butyl 2,7-diazaspiro [3.5] nonane-7-carboxylatehydrochloride e like me nā kānāwai fedela a me ka'āina e pili ana i ka hoʻokuʻu'āina.

    Hoʻopiliʻia nā'alapalai a kau i nā mea i kahi hui hoʻopuka lepo hoʻokuʻu.

    Nert-butyl 2,7-diazaspiro [3.5] nonane-7-carboxylate hydrochloride ka moku kūʻai

    ʻAʻole i hoʻonohonohoʻia ka huahana i mea lapuwale no ka laweʻana ma keʻano,ʻo ia ka wai, nā halihali'āina.

    Nāʻike kānāwai

    Nert-butyl 2,7-diazaspiro [3.5] nonane-7-carboxylate; kahi huawaiwai he huahana i heluʻia no nā hana o ka noiʻi a me ka uluʻana. No lailaʻaʻole kūpono i ka hoʻohanaʻana o ke kanaka a me ka holoholona. ʻAʻole mākou i hoʻoholo loa i nā mea toxicological, physiochemical and environment of the product. No laila, pono e mālama i ka mālama nui a me ka mahalo i ka wā e hana ana i ka noiʻi, ke kūkuluʻana a iʻole ka hopena huahana e hoʻohana ana i kēia huahana. ʻO nā limahana kūikawā a me kaʻike i nā hana hoʻolālāʻenekini wale nō e mālama wale. Pono e mālamaʻia ma lalo o nā kūlana kūpono. Na nā luna e hoʻohana i kēiaʻike palekana me kaʻikepili mai nā kumuhana kūpono.

    Kemuhana hana

    Ma APICMO, he pūʻulu o ka poʻe akamai kūikawā i hana i ka noiʻi a me ka hoʻomohalaʻana i ke olakino ola, nā hanaʻepekema, nā'enekenekemaʻimi, ka chromatography me nā poʻe'ē aʻe.

    Nert-butyl 2,7-diazaspiro [3.5] nonane-7-carboxylate; kahi kūʻai nui (1023301-84-9) a me ka hoʻonohonoho nui.

    Makemakeʻoe i nā mea nui o ka Tert-butyl 2,7-diazaspiro [3.5] nonane-7-carboxylate; kahi kahawaiwai no kāu hōʻanohana, noiʻi, a me ka uluʻana? Hiki iāʻoe ke hoʻokaʻaʻike i kā mākouʻoihana mālama lawelawe a hana i kāu mau kauoha.

    ʻia ....................

    1. NĀ KAUPAHI MAKAHIKI NO KA HULA KULAHELEʻOLELO, US National Library of Medicine, Pubchem, Tert-butyl 2,7-diazaspiro [3.5] nonane-7-carboxylate; kahi kahawaiwai, 1-9.
    2. WO2007 / 30061 A1,; Palapala / KōwaeʻAoʻao 92; 93; WO 2007 / 030061 A1
    3. ʻO David Robertson,ʻo Jacob J. Plattner, William K. Hagmann, Winnie W. Wong, George L. Trainor, Elsevier Science, 25 Aug 1998, Hōʻike Hou no ka Hoʻonaʻauao Ola, Volume 33,ʻaoʻao.

  2. Apicmo -

    ʻO ka mea kiʻekiʻe loa-Butyl2,7-diazaspiro [3.5] nonane-7-carboxylate hydrochloride a me ka lawelawe i loaʻa iaʻu,ʻo kaʻike maikaʻi.

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