o ka mea'enepa mele kahi meaʻenehana i hanaʻia e like me nā molecule likeʻole (aiʻole nā ​​mea i hoʻohuiʻia) he mau inoa mai nā meaʻoi aku iʻoi aku ma mua o hoʻokahi mau mea i hoʻopaʻa paʻaʻia e nā kaula hana. ʻO ke kinikona kino i hoʻopaʻaʻia i kahiʻano pilikino likeʻole,ʻaʻole ia he mea hoʻohui mele mai hoʻokahi wale nō māhele,ʻaʻoleʻelua mauʻano likeʻole.

ʻEhāʻano o ka pūpū, e pili ana i ka hopena o nā mana o ka mana:

ʻO nā kinikiki i paʻa pūʻia e nāʻokoʻa
nā pūpū ionic i paʻa pūʻia ma nā'aiona
nā'āpana intermetallic i paʻa pūʻia e nā kaula hana
kekahi mau hale liʻiliʻi i paʻa pūʻia e nā kuʻuna maʻamau.

e hoike ana 1-12 of 32 nā hualoaʻa